There are many animals who simply do not go running south for the winter. These arctic tundra loving animals like it where it is cold and snowy. These animals know how to defend themselves in the cold and have simply adapted to that particular way of life. There are a few animals that do tend to run south when the going gets cold, but most of these animals are perfectly content with the cold temperatures of the arctic tundra. Unfortunately, there are some issues such as pollution and other serious issues that cause problems for the creatures who make their homes in the tundra. I am going to talk about some of those animals to inhabit the tundra and some issues that could damage their homes.
Lemmings are small and mousey and love their lives in the arctic tundra. During the warm summer months their fur is brown but in the winter they turn white which allows them to hide from predators such as the snowy owl. Lemmings create burrows in the summer which makes it tough for people to walk around because of all of the holes! They eat plants and berries and simply move around if they need to find food.
The arctic hare is also an animal that lives in the tundra. This is not your typical bunny rabbit as it has the ability to change colors throughout the seasons. Their back feet are large and are just like snowshoes which keep them from sinking in the snow. The arctic hare can endure extremely harsh winters and try to stay away from marshes where it is dry. They also like to stay in groups.
Musk oxen have lived in the tundra for thousands of years and do not seem to mind the cold. They use their hooves to dig through the deep snow for roots and mosses to eat and eat arctic flowers and grasses in the summertime. Their shaggy long hair helps to keep them warm in the frigid climate. The have outer hairs that fall out when it gets warmer outside.
Many oils and natural gases are found in the tundra. People tend to drill for them and it can cause a threat to the wildlife in the tundra. Threats such as global warming have the ability to shrink the tundra and gives animals a smaller place to inhabit which means less animals can live there. Air pollution causes global warming and many laws are being passed to stop these pollutions from destroying the tundra.
These creatures make the tundra their home and it is our job to make it safe for them to inhabit. Keeping our homes eco-friendly and keeping ourselves educated on global warming and other environmental issues will help to save their homes.